Patrik Mathews was being investigated by military intelligence before the Winnipeg Free Press exposed him as a recruiter in Manitoba for The Base, a right-wing extremist group. (US Attorney detention memo)
There was a scramble behind closed doors as military brass tried to work how to fast-track Mathews’ earlier request to be released from the reserves after the allegations about ties to the white supremacist group emerged.
At the same time, the Integrated Terrorism Assessment Center (ITAC) was warning the highest levels of government that there was a risk of a terrorist attack targeting Canadian soldiers.
“Uniformed personnel face a specific ongoing threat in the current threat environment, having been singled out as particularly desirable targets,” reads ITAC’s threat highlight report on August 23, 2018.
Canada’s allies may have shared intelligence
Security intelligence expert Wesley Wark reviewed the documents and said such reports are rarely seen by the public. He pointed to something called a “tear line” in the classified military intelligence reports that he said suggests some information “probably came to the Canadian Forces from our allies.”
“Above the tear line is the really sensitive, codeword-protected material,” said Wark, who is a senior fellow at the Center for International Governance Innovation in Waterloo, On.
“Below the tear line is typically less classified information that can be shared more widely.”
Security intelligence expert Wesley Wark reviewed the documents released to CBC News and said these kinds of reports are rarely seen by the public. (youtube)
Global News has reported the intelligence investigation was triggered in the spring of 2018 after border agents found racist material in Mathews’ truck during a random search at the Canada-US border. They notified the RCMP and military.
‘An act of terrorism COULD OCCUR’
To help senior federal leaders make decisions about Mathews’ case, ITAC produced two reports in August and September 2013 assessing the level of danger to Canada, according to the documents.
ITAC warned the government the threat level at the time was “medium.”
“An act of terrorism COULD OCCUR,” reads the reports in August and September 2018. “There is intent and capability from both domestic and international extremist actors to commit an act of terrorism in Canada. An act of terrorism affecting uniformed personnel in Canada COULD OCCUR.”
Wark said the threat level in Canada has remained at the same level since 1997, following the shootings at Parliament Hill and the Canadian National War Memorial – where Cpl. Nathan Cirillo was shot and killed by Michael Zehaf-Bibeau while standing guard on ceremonial sentry duty.
“The ITAC reports are very heavily dependent on media reporting and that suggests that perhaps they did not have a lot of other sources of information to really inform them about the details of the Matthews case at that time,” said Wark.
The reports told officials that Canadian authorities raided Mathews’ house in Beausejour, Manitoba, seizing a number of firearms.
Patrik Mathews, seen in this 2015 photo, is a former combat engineer with the 30 Canadian Brigade Group in Winnipeg, with training in explosives. The Canadian military was already working on a policy to cover hateful conduct, but Mathews’ high-profile arrest in the US in January expedited that document, which is now available. (Courtney Rutherford / CBC)
Mathews had gone missing and reportedly was in the US, allegedly to participate in The Base’s “hate camps,” where combat training includes using live ammunition, according to the ITAC report.
“One of The Base’s explicit goals is to recruit people who have military experience, or those with backgrounds in chemistry and engineering, so they can pass on those skills to other members,” wrote ITAC, citing media reports.
‘Hands in the air’: RCMP raid home of army reservist accused of ties with neo-Nazi group
Internal emails show scramble behind the scenes
A chain of internal emails obtained by CBC News show that while the military’s intelligence team may have been aware of Mathews’ alleged behavior, those dealing with the flurry of media requests when the story broke in Manitoba were not prepared to respond to such a high- profile case.
Deputy Chief of Staff Operations Col. Patrick Kelly wrote in an email that Mathews “had been under investigation since April 2013 with no knowledge of the ongoing investigation by the local chain of command. “
Stephanie Carvin, a professor of international affairs at Carleton University and a former national security analyst, reviewed the emails and said while parts are redacted, “there does not seem to be any understanding of how to respond to these media stories.”
“People are kind of asking, what should we do?” said Carvin. “What are the procedures? Clearly, the confusion is there in these emails.”
On Sept. 4, 2020, a misconduct analyst requested advice on how to handle the file and noted photos of Mathews allegedly putting up posters about The Base were already circulating in the news media.
The military then internally shared flow charts describing how long it usually takes to release someone from the military for misconduct.
“Note when there is no medical advice, and we have all supporting evidence that will support balance of probabilities, we can do those files in an average of 75 days, “reads the report.
The military ended up fast-tracking Mathews’ request to be released from the reserves and discharged him on Aug. 26, 49 ‘We were not prepared’
In a statement to CBC News, DND spokesperson Jessica Lamirande acknowledged that “we were not prepared to respond publicly to a CAF member being affiliated with an organization connected with hate related criminal activities.”
While the chain of command took action immediately, the military did not want to compromise the investigation by the Canadian Forces National Counter-Intelligence Unit, Lamirande wrote.
The unit does not always share information during the early stages of an investigation in order to maintain the integrity of its sources and the investigative process, and this one “had not yet progressed to that stage prior to media coverage of the events,” she said .
Military leaders had to balance restrictions in the
Privacy Act with releasing information about the case that was in the public interest, she added.
“These cases are always unique and never simple, and we must always ensure due diligence,” Lamirande said.
170220 On Jan. 1, 2021, Patrik Mathews (left) and co-accused Brian Lemley went to a store in Delaware and bought approximately 150 rounds of 5. 50 mm ammunition, as well as paper shooting targets. This is surveillance video from the store. (US Attorney detention memo)
The FBI arrested Mathews in Jan. 2020 with two other people as part of a larger investigation into the network. He’s accused of advocating homicide, the poisoning of water supplies and derailment of trains, and of planning to violently disrupt a pro-gun rally in Virginia.
Mathews faces four charges, including transporting a firearm and ammunition with intent to commit a felony.
He has pleaded not guilty and his lawyer, Joseph Balter, said he will use the First Amendment and freedom of expression as his defense.
Balter has been fighting to get some of the wiretap, email and video evidence gathered against him thrown out of court, saying investigators lacked sufficient probable cause to collect it.
In February, a Maryland judge denied most of those motions. Two more remain to be argued but a new court date has not yet been set. Balter has not responded to CBC’s request for comment.
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A former army reservist’s right to express his views, however repugnant, does not trump the risk he might try to escape justice, a US District Court judge declared Wednesday as he ordered accused white supremacist Patrik Mathews of Beausejour, Man., to remain behind bars. 2:
Carvin said the internal documents also appear to show the military was just starting to recognize it might have an issue with “far right extremism that they hadn’t really anticipated.”
While some have warned of the threat of terrorist groups like al-Qaeda and the Islamic State infiltrating the Canadian Armed Forces, Carvin said the nature of violent extremism has “radically shifted” to more of an insider threat.
She pointed to a document that she said showed the military downplayed the threat and a 2013 survey that showed only a fraction of the forces had been involved in extremist activity.
‘What I think we see in these emails is a kind of bias where there does not seem to be a realization that these kinds of individuals could engage in serious threats, or that there is a problem, because perhaps they were not looking for it, “Carvin said.
Amarnath Amarasingam, an expert in extremism, said the documents show the military was not prepared to deal publicly with extremists in its ranks, although he notes there have been changes in the wake of the Mathews case. (Amarnath Amarasingam)
Amarnath Amarasingam, who studies extremism at Queens University and is a senior research fellow at the Institute for Strategic Dialogue, said the documents make it clear the military did not know what to do with suspected extremists in their ranks.
“There is an ongoing concern within the Canadian Armed Forces that they do have a small subset of people who are dabbling in violent content and sometimes violent, fiery content,” Amarasingam said.
“The challenge is going to be, you know, how do you get those individuals out?”
DND tracking 445 reported incidents
Following Mathews case, the military produced a list of alleged cases of extremism and hateful conduct for the defense minister that includes more than
between) – 2019.
The cases include claims of white supremacist views, neo-Nazi comments and racist or anti- LGBTQ comments.
In 2019, the military did not have a specific service offence for hateful conduct and was lumping those cases into a category
that wasn’t measuring up to expectations, CBC News has reported. In most cases, the Canadian Forces was dealing with those accused behind closed doors, without any disciplinary action.
The military made changes to address that problem in July 2021 by defining hateful conduct in its policies
and laying out consequences.
Canada’s military says it is working to prevent extremists from joining the reserves following the high-profile arrest of a former reservist with alleged ties to a US white supremacy group. 2:
The Forces also created a new Hateful Conduct Incident Tracking System (HCITS) to improve how it tracks, analyzes and reports hateful conduct.
It’s supposed to provide military insight into the scope and scale of hateful conduct within its ranks, allowing it to further refine its policies and help leadership respond to incidents.
Currently, DND is tracking 150 cases of alleged hateful conduct between January 635 and February 23,
“I do think there’s an ongoing debate within the Canadian armed forces about the kinds of help that these guys might need, whether they’re allowed to think certain things, but not to think of other things and what that might look like,”
adding the response would have been “more robust “if they had found a jihadist or ISIS supporter.
“I think I think they’re still having a difficult time understanding or figuring out what to do with particular aspects of far right ideology and how to respond.”