Jesús Zavala Franco, Associate Professor of Astrophysics at the Faculty of Science, University of Iceland. Photo / Submitted
Jesús Zavala Franco, associate professor of astrophysics at the Faculty of Science, University of Iceland, and his colleagues recently received an award for one of the best scientific disciplines published last year in the field of cosmology. Jesus and his associates received a third prize in the amount of $ 2. 500 for the article corresponding to 325 thousand ISK.
The prize is called the Buchalter Cosmology Prize and is intended to give recognition to those who have worked in scientific disciplines in cosmology who are believed to be able to contribute to groundbreaking discoveries related to the field of study. , but it is about research into the shaping and nature of the universe.
Every year, prizes are awarded for the three best scientific disciplines within the school and prize money is awarded in total 17. 325 dollars. This is stated in an announcement from the University of Iceland.
The goal is to quench curiosity about the composition of the universe
“The societal value of research lies in the fact that it is a basic research that aims to quench human curiosity about the composition of the universe. Dark matter is a perfect example of one of the most interesting unknown aspects of our understanding of the universe, “says Jesus.
Scientists at reputable scientific institutes on both sides of the Atlantic came to the study with Jesus, including from Princeton University, MIT, Harvard and Smithsonian Institute of Astronomy, Paul Sabatier University in France, University of Bologna and University of California.
Jesus has worked at the University of Iceland for about five years but his research focuses on cosmology and the formation and evolution of galaxies with a special emphasis on so-called dark matter.
As the name suggests, it is a substance in the universe that we do not see but does not cause. less gravitational effects just like visible material in stars and galaxies. It is believed that up to 85% of matter in the universe is dark matter. Argumented theories about the existence of dark matter are almost a hundred years old, but despite this, its nature is still hidden.
Possibly can be tested with space telescopes of the future
Jesus and his colleagues use supercomputer simulators to identify potential candidates for dark matter, but research has led them to the path of so-called fuzzy dark matter. which, according to Jesus, consists of particles that are so massive that their dose effect affects the longitudinal scale of entire galaxies.
In the study that won the award, the group was able to simulate how the universe is made up of capelin dark matter and ordinary matter would have looked like in the early days of the world, or when it was just one billion years old. This is the first simulation of its kind and it has allowed scientists to predict conditions where hairy dark matter was found, which could possibly be tested with the space telescopes of the future.